Islam has different rituals and beliefs compared to Christians; they have different holidays and special days that are not celebrated by Catholic/Christian employees. To respect the beliefs of Muslims, they are provided with special holidays that are based on their tradition and in Koran.
Presidential Proclamation No. 1198 says that “All private corporations, offices, agencies and entities or establishments operating within the provinces and cities enumerated herein shall observe the legal holidays as proclaimed, provided, however, that all Muslim employees working outside of the Muslim provinces and cities shall be excused from work during the observance of the Muslim holidays as recognized by law without diminution or loss of wages during the said period.”
The holidays are based on Hidja, Muslim Lunar Calendar, which should be followed by all companies and institutions. Muslim and Christian employees that will be absent on the Muslim holidays is excused from work. However, the law is only provided with the chosen cities and municipalities that are written under the law.
The cities are: Basilan, Lanao del Norte, Lanao del Sur, Maguindanao, North Cotabato, Sultan Kudarat, Sulu, Tawi-Tawi, Zambaonga del Norte and Zamboanga del Sur and in the cities of Cotabato, Iligan, Marawi, Pagadian and Zamboanga, and in such other Muslim provinces and cities as may be created by law.
Presidential Decree 1083 in its Book V. Title I recognizes the five (5) Muslim holidays, namely:
Muslim employees who will work on the Muslim holiday will be entitled additional 200% of their basic pay.
All employees who are bonafide Filipino citizens, regarding their society status, sexuality and religion are entitled to have equal rights. It is indicated on the Labor Rights of the Philippines
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